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The first groups of Romani people arrived in Great Britain by the end of the 15th century, escaping conflicts in Southeastern Europe (such as the Ottoman conquest of the Balkans).
In 1506 there are recorded Romani persons in Scotland, Soon the leadership passed laws aimed at stopping the Romani immigration and at the assimilation of those already present.
Despite this legislation, the Romani population managed to survive, but it was forced into a marginal lifestyle and subjected to continuous discrimination from the state authorities and many of the local non-Romanies.
Failure to do so could result in confiscation of property, imprisonment and deportation.
Of particular significance was the hop industry, which employed thousands of Romanichals both in spring for vine training and for the harvest in early autumn.
Winter months were often spent doing casual labour in towns or selling goods or services door to door.
The Romani people in England are thought to have spoken the Romani language until the 19th century, when it was replaced by English and Angloromani, a creole language that combines the syntax and grammar of English with the Romani lexicon.
and began migrating westwards from the 11th century.